Friday, March 18, 2011

health protections from air pollution since passage of Clean Air Act version 2 in Malaysia?

Why should regulator impose more stricter standard for Malaysia Coal power plant operators before building new increase capacity by burning fossil fuel at

except from:

Prime Minister, Najib Razak tables RM 230 bil 10th Malaysia Plan - TheStar (June 10, 2010).

Under 52 high-impact projects have been identified for implementation which "Second: Two coal electricity generation plants at an estimated cost of RM 10 bil.",

Hazardousness material exhaled by Malaysian (location as table below: based on US EPA data) :
"In response to a court deadline, today the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed the first-ever national standards for mercury, arsenic and other toxic air pollution from power plants. The new power plant mercury and air toxics standards – which eliminate 20 years of uncertainty across industry – would require many power plants to install widely available, proven pollution control technologies to cut harmful emissions of mercury, arsenic, chromium, nickel and acid gases, while preventing as many as 17,000 premature deaths and 11,000 heart attacks a year. The new proposed standards would also provide particular health benefits for children, preventing 120,000 cases of childhood asthma symptoms and about 11,000 fewer cases of acute bronchitis among children each year. The proposed standards would also avert more than 12,000 emergency room visits and hospital admissions and 850,000 fewer days of work missed due to illness." 

Economic Benefit Analysis:
"The proposed standards also ensure that public health and economic benefits far outweigh costs of implementation. EPA estimates that for every dollar spent to reduce pollution from power plants, the American public and American businesses will see up to $13 in health and economic benefits. The total health and economic benefits of this standard are estimated to be as much as $140 billion annually." 
via EPA,  03/16/2011

List of coal-fired plants in Malaysia
Jimah Power StationNegri Sembilan at Lukut2°35′11″N101°43′21″E1,400Thermal (2 ST)Jimah Energy Ventures Sdn Bhd
Manjung Power StationPerak at Manjung4°9′44″N100°38′48″E2,295Thermal (3 ST)TNB Janamanjung Sdn Bhd
PPLS Power Generation PlantSarawak in Kuching110Thermal (2 units)PPLS Power Generation, a subsidiary of Sarawak Energy Berhad
Sejingkat Power Corporation PlantSarawak at Kuching100ThermalSejingkat Power Corporation Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary ofSarawak Energy Berhad
Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Power StationSelangor at Kapar3°7′1″N101°19′1″E2,420Thermal (6 ST), open cycle (2 GT), natural gas and coal with oil backupKapar Energy Ventures Sdn Bhd
Tanjung Bin Power StationJohor at Pontian1°20′3″N103°32′55″E2,100Thermal (3 ST)Tanjong Bin Power Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of Malakoff

Note: ST - Steam Turbine unit(s).
Source: Wikipedia

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